Florence A city of Renaissance art View from the south of Florence Duomo Cathedral at dusk, Italy. The Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore is the cathedral church (Duomo) of Florence, Italy. The basilica is notable for its dome designed by Filippo Brunelleschi, in the style of Italian Renaissance. Its exterior facing of polychrome marble panels in various shades of green and pink bordered by white.. Built between 1296 to 146 Marble Statue of Michelangelo’s David Florence, ItalyBird’s eye view of Florence Duomo Cathedral, Italy.